Vinyl Gloves Study 2019

Taking off the Toxic Gloves: An Investigation of Phthalates and Other Chemicals of Concern in Food Handling Gloves

Plastic such as polyvinyl chloride (commonly called PVC or vinyl) needs additives to be flexible for applications like food handling gloves and plasticizers are designed for this purpose. These plasticizers are not bound to the vinyl and can leech into the environment and food. A common plasticizer is the class of chemicals called ortho-phthalates, abbreviated to phthalates. Food is the primary source of exposure to several phthalates, and gloves and other food handling equipment contribute to unintentionally adding phthalates to food. Phthalates have endocrine disrupting abilities; therefore, their presence in food is alarming.

We studied two streams of single-use disposable vinyl food handling gloves: those imported for distributors to sell and those in use at restaurants. In all, we found that 1 in 6 or 14% of gloves tested contain phthalates. Four phthalates were found in some vinyl gloves, alone or in combination with one another: DEHP (the most toxic), DINP (the unsafe alternative), DIDP (has growing concern) and DPHP (closely related to DIDP, increasingly used). This study is the first time that DPHP has been identified in food handling gloves to the authors’ knowledge. DOTP, a terephthalate, was the most commonly used as a plasticizer in gloves. Regardless of which plasticizer is used to make vinyl gloves, the plasticizer makes up a large percentage of the glove’s weight—upwards of 30%—of an unbound, highly mobile molecules. Safer alternatives to vinyl gloves are available, including bare hands with proper washing, polyethylene (preferred), and nitrile (acceptable).

Our study found that 2 out of 3 restaurants visited use vinyl gloves. The presence of phthalates in vinyl gloves is inconsistent across glove distributors and restaurants due to inadequate supply chain management. With vinyl gloves being so commonly used at restaurants, it presents the possibility for any glove to contain phthalates and indirectly add phthalates to food. Gloves containing phthalates were in use at four restaurant locations: McDonald’s (2 locations), Wendy’s (1), and Burger King (1). Some restaurants use only polyethylene gloves, which from our study includes Subway, Panera Bread, and Starbucks restaurants.

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Published on July 25, 2019

Sample Listing

AmerCareRoyal General Purpose Blue Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP
AmerCareRoyal General Purpose Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP
AMMEX Ivory Stretch Vinyl Exam Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Anchor Vinyl Powder Free Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Awear Eco-Friendly Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Bandit Black Vinyl Powder Free Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Burger King- Glove
Polyethylene
Burger King- Glove
Polyethylene
Burger King- Glove
Polyethylene
Burger King- Tronex Embossed Disposable Poly Gloves
Polyethylene
Burger King- Tronex Safety New Age Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Burger King- Tronex Safety New Age Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Burger King- Tronex Safety New Age Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Burger King- Tronex Safety New Age Vinyl Gloves
PVC + Phthalates
Burger King- Tronex Vinyl Powdered Disposable Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Chick-Fil-A- Sani-Sure Vinyl Powdered Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Chipotle- C-2 Hybrid Gloves
Polyethylene
Chipotle- Glove
PVC + DOTP
Chipotle- Jobguard Stretch Vinyl Multi-Purpose Glove
PVC + DOTP
Chipotle- Jobguard Stretch Vinyl Multi-Purpose Glove
PVC + DOTP
Chipotle- Jobguard Stretch Vinyl Multi-Purpose Glove
PVC + DOTP
Clean Hand Premium Vinyl Gloves Lightly Powdered
PVC + DOTP
Clean Hand SuperStretch Vinyl Glove Powder Free
PVC + DOTP
Clean Hand Vinyl Glove Powder Free
PVC + DOTP
ClearTouch Food Service Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Cole-Parmer Nitrile Glove
Nitrile
Daxwell Synthetic Gloves General Purpose Powder-Free
PVC + DOTP
Daxwell Vinyl Powder Free Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Daxwell Vinyl Pre-Powdered Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Domino's- Westchester Protective Gear Powder Free Black Nitrile Disposable Gloves
Nitrile
Dunkin' Donuts- ServGuard Vinyl Multi-Purpose Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Dura-Touch 34-725 Vinyl Disposable Glove
PVC + DOTP
Dura-Touch 34-755 Powdered Vinyl Disposable Glove
PVC + DOTP
Duraskin Nitrile Glove
Nitrile
DuraSkin Powder-Free Vinyl Disposable Gloves
PVC + DOTP
DuraSkin Pre-Powdered Green 6.5mil Vinyl Disposable Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Edge Vinyl Gloves Powder Free
PVC + DOTP
Fisherbrand Nitrile Glove
Nitrile
FoodHandler Aloe Synthetic Vinyl Gloves
PVC + Phthalates
FoodHandler Classic Vinyl Gloves
PVC + Phthalates
FoodHandler Contact Vinyl Gloves
PVC + Phthalates
GlovePlus Blue Vinyl Industrial Latex Free Disposable Gloves
PVC + Phthalates
GPX3 Clear Vinyl Industrial Latex Free Disposable Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Great Glove Stretch Vinyl Powder-Free Glove
PVC + DOTP
Great Glove Vinyl Blue Powder-Free Gloves
PVC + DOTP
Great Glove Vinyl Powder-Free Glove
PVC + DOTP
Grip Gards Blue Stretch Hybrid Gloves
Polyethylene
Grip Gards Stretch Hybrid Gloves
Polyethylene
Hy Five Powder Free Blue Vinyl Gloves
PVC + Phthalates
Hy Five Powder Free Vinyl Gloves
PVC + DOTP

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