Three batteries lying in a row.


Damaged or improperly handled lithium-ion batteries can start fires that release toxic gases. For more information see RPN’s rechargeable battery guide

Proposed procurement goals: 
  • Prohibit the purchase of small lithium-ion batteries (exception: EV vehicle batteries) unless there are safe recycling options available.
    • Note: Li-ion batteries, or those contained in electronic devices, should be recycled at certified battery electronics recyclers that accept batteries rather than being discarded in the trash or put in municipal recycling bins.
  • Require high-performance rechargeable batteries for all battery-powered devices.
Stretch goal: 
Case studies: 
  • In 2016, San Francisco Department of the Environment commissioned RPN to develop specifications for high-performance rechargeable batteries, which promise to cut costs and reduce the City’s waste impacts. The specifications are included in the RPN report linked above. RPN
  • Massachusetts: Rechargeable batteries & chargers All batteries (including low-self-discharge/pre-charged rechargeable batteries) shall be rechargeable nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries and shall have a minimum power rating in milliamp hours (mAh)* as follows: AAA batteries: 700 mAh; AA batteries: 2000 mAh; C batteries: 2200 mAh; D batteries: 2200 mAh; 9-volt batteries: 175 mAh; All chargers must be certified by ENERGY STAR.
  • Maryland requires rechargeable batteries.